Receding Gum:
Causes, Symptoms and treatments

Receding gums, or gum recession, is a common dental issue characterised by the gradual loss of gum tissue, resulting in the exposure of tooth roots. This condition can lead to discomfort, sensitivity, and aesthetic changes in the smile. While some individuals may naturally have a higher risk of gum recession, factors such as poor oral hygiene and smoking can exacerbate the problem. At Thames, Dr Bravis and her specialist team provides advanced dental treatments to treat both receding gums and associated symptoms effectively.

Symptoms and causes

Causes of Receding Gums: Extrinsic Causes: Factors contributing to gum recession from outside the tooth include:
  • Aggressive tooth brushing
  • Poor oral hygiene leading to tartar buildup
  • Tobacco use, including smoking and chewing
  • Trauma or injury to the gum tissue
  • Misaligned teeth
  • Gum disease
Intrinsic Causes: Internal factors that can lead to receding gums include:
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Hormonal changes
  • Ageing
  • Chronic conditions like diabetes
  • Medications that cause dry mouth

Related treatments

Our team at Thames provides a range of treatments to address receding gums, including:

When to see a dentist?

If you notice signs of gum recession, such as tooth sensitivity, exposed roots, or changes in the appearance of your gums, it’s essential to schedule an appointment with our dentist. Early intervention can prevent further progression of the condition and help maintain optimal oral health.
Founder and Principal Dentist, Dr Theodora Bravis, smiling in her clinic room at Thames Dental & Skin, in Thames Ditton, Surrey

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes gum recession?

Gum recession can be caused by various factors, including poor oral hygiene, aggressive brushing, tobacco use, genetics, hormonal changes, ageing, certain medical conditions, and bruxism.

How do dentists treat receding gums?

Dr Bravis may recommend various treatments depending on the severity and underlying cause of your gum recession. Treatment options may include deep cleaning, gum grafting, dental bonding, and periodontal surgery, such as pocket depth reduction or regeneration.

Can gum recession be prevented?

While some causes of gum recession may be unavoidable, certain preventive measures can help reduce the risk. Maintaining good oral hygiene, using a soft-bristled toothbrush, avoiding tobacco, regular dental visits, addressing teeth grinding, and eating a balanced diet can contribute to gum health.

Are there home remedies for receding gums?

While home remedies cannot reverse gum recession, they may help alleviate symptoms and promote gum health. Some home care tips include proper brushing and flossing, saltwater rinses, topical treatments like aloe vera, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Ready to book a dental examination?

We strongly believe that prevention is the key to good health and avoiding dental and general health problems. You can book a comprehensive check-up with our dedicated dentist today.

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